The City of Kitchener covers an area of 136.86 square kilometres and had a population of 233,222 at the time of the 2016 Census. The Kitchener metropolitan area, which includes the smaller, neighbouring cities of Waterloo to the north and Cambridge to the south, has 523,894 people, making it the tenth largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Canada and the fourth largest CMA in Ontario.
Kitchener and Waterloo are considered “twin cities” which are often referred to jointly as “Kitchener–Waterloo” (K–W), although they have separate municipal governments. Including Cambridge, the three cities are known as “the Tri-Cities“. All are part of the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, which was created in 1973, when it replaced Waterloo County, which had been created in 1853.
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